History – The Effects of the British Rule in India

Std VIII – Ch 4

Question Op1 Op2 Op3 Op4 Answer
Where did Robert Clive introduce the system of dual government in 1765? Maharashtra Bengal Punjab Karnataka 2
Where did Kawasji Nanabhoy start the first textile mill in 1853? Mumbai Kolkata Ahmedabad Delhi 1
Who passed an Act allowing widow-marriage in 1856? Lord Dalhousie Lord Bentinck Lord Ripon Lord Wellesley 1
Who were the pillars of the British administration in India? Maharajas and nawabs Civil service, military, police force and judiciary Knights and squires Landgraves and margraves 2
What were the conditions for the payment of land revenue in the British rule? Payment in cows Payment in blankets during winter Payment in cash at a fixed time Payment in umbrellas during monsoon 3
Which industry did Jamshetji Tata start at Jamshedpur? Jute Silk Paper Steel 4
What is dual government? Bureaucracy with the British, military with the Nawab. Equal power to the British and the Nawab. East India Company collected revenue.  Nawab of Bengal maintained peace and order. The British and the Nawab share tax collection. 3
What is the meaning of commercialization of agriculture? Commerce graduates doing agriculture Production of rice, wheat, barley and oats Subsidies to farmers Production of profit-yielding cash crops rather than food grains 4
Why did the industries in India close down? High taxation Indian artisans could not compete with British goods. Corruption Indian industrialists migrated to other countries. 2
What was Lord Cornwallis’ reform? Organized civil service system Introduced western eduation Banned smoking in public places Abolished caste system 1
What was Lord Bentinck’s reform? Banned child marriage Introduced monogamy Prohibited Sati in 1829. Introduced railways 3
What was Lord Dalhousie’s reform? Started science college Built airports Abolished untouchability Allowed widow-marriage 4